MCOSA Home Page MCOSA Home Page MCOSA Home Page MCOSA Home Page MCOSA Home Page MCOSA Home Page MCOSA Home Page MCOSA Home Page MCOSA Home Page Home Page Contact MCOSA Meet MCOSA
 Substance Abuse

Hepatitis C: An Overview

Prevalence | Incidence | Demographics | Natural History | Transmission
Prevention | HCV Testing | Treatment | What You Need To Know


How can transmission be prevented?

  • Injecting Drug Users:
    • Stop using and injecting drugs.
    • Enter and complete substance abuse treatment.
    • If continuing to inject drugs:
      • Never reuse or "share" syringes, needles, water, or drug preparation equipment.
      • If injection equipment has been used by other persons, first clean the equipment with bleach and water.
      • Use only syringes obtained from a reliable source (e.g., pharmacies).
  • Injection Drug Use
    • Use a new sterile syringe to prepare and inject drugs; if possible, use sterile water to prepare drugs; otherwise use clean water from a reliable source (such as fresh tap water).
    • Use a new or disinfected container ("cooker") and a new filter ("cotton") to prepare drugs.
    • Clean the injection site prior to injection with a new alcohol swab.
    • Safely dispose of syringes after one use.
    • Get vaccinated against hepatitis A and B.
  • Persons At-risk for STDs
    • Have sex with only one uninfected partner or do not have sex at all.
    • Use latex condoms correctly and every time to protect themselves and their partners from diseases spread through sexual activity.
    • Get vaccinated against hepatitis B, and if appropriate, hepatitis A.